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The Making Of A Hemp Fabric

by Denny Tom

Organic fabric material like hemp is becoming more and more popular in the world recently after people realizing the number of benefits it has to offer. From being soft and comfortable on the skin, the hemp fabrics are light and breathable, naturally resistant to bacteria, and ultra-violet sun rays, water-resistant, and biodegradable. It can retain its color longer than other materials like cotton and polyester and gets softer with more usage. But there are many misconceptions about how hemp fabric is made. So here are the steps which are included in making this awesome organic fabric.

  • Cultivation 
  • Harvestation 
  • Retting 
  • Breaking
  • Scutching
  • Hackling
  • Roving
  • Spinning

First, the cultivation of the plant takes place. After the plant has grown to the desired length, it is then harvested. After harvesting, farmers use a technique called retting, which allows the naturally occurring bacteria and fungi to break down the pectin that binds the hemp. This can be done by soaking the fiber into water or laying it down on the ground for the dew to do the retting. After the pectin is broken, a process called scutching takes place, where it is beaten by the stem to separate the fiber from the woody core. Then the fibers go through processes called hackling and roving which improves the strength of the fiber and lastly, it can be either spun dry or wet.

Here is how hemp is better than other fabric materials.

  • Less water consumption: Hemp is a wonderful plant that has several benefits other than medicinal, so it’s really amazing to know how little water is required to grow this plant. Unlike other natural fibers, hemp uses roughly about 5% of the total water that is required for a cotton plant to grow. They grow densely together, leaving marginal space for weeds and competing plants, and can be grown in any kind of soil and it takes only 120 days to get ready for the harvest. 
  • Breathable, light, and durable: The stalk of the hemp plant is mainly used to make the fabrics. The clothing made from hemp fabrics is lighter and softer, making them ultra-comfortable for the skin. They are naturally water and UV-resistant, highly breathable, and durable. Clothes made from hemp fiber are naturally sturdy in nature, thus making them ideal for day-to-day rough usage. It has anti-bacterial properties that prevent it from forming bad odors and molds. 

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